Analytical Tools
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Empirical Analysis using Household and Micro-level Datasets

Formal empirical analysis of the social impact of crises, policy adjustments and other economic events is typically underpinned by an ex- post analysis using nationally representative household survey data.

Social Budget Tracking and Analysis

Social budget tracking and analysis tools monitor the extent of priority and protection given to public budget items and can influence government policies in favour of allocations to children and families.

A Child Rights Lens for Poverty and Social Impact Analyses (PSIAs)

Poverty and Social Impact Analyses, PSIAs, are aimed at facilitating an ex-ante understanding of the potential distributional impacts of a given policy reform. Child rights centered PSIAs, add a child focus to these impact assessments, as tools specifically designed to promote more child sensitive real-time policy making.

Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion-A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries

This working paper provides an overview of global, regional and national income inequalities based on the latest distribution data from the World Bank, UNU-WIDER and Eurostat. It discusses the implications of rising income inequality for development and calls for placing equity at the center of development in the context of the United Nations development agenda. It also discusses the likelihood of inequalities being exacerbated during the global economic crisis and advocates for urgent policy changes at national and international levels to ensure a “Recovery for All”. Whilst serving as a general reference source, Annex 2 provides a summary of the most up-to-date income distribution and inequality data for 141 countries.



  1. Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion-A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries (2011)
    Authors: Ortiz, I, and M. Cummins
    UNICEF Social and Economic Policy Working Paper Number 2011-02, UNICEF Department of Policy and Practice