Rapid Surveys and Sentinel Site Monitoring of Crisis Impact
'Rapid Surveys', as tools to collect data quickly and cost-effectively, have become increasingly important for planners and researchers in understanding the impacts of economic and environmental shocks and policy changes.
More formal techniques that use conventional household surveys are often not available to inform timely policy response or adjustments to a crisis, where as simulations derived from economic and behavioural models do not reflect the actual situation. Rapid and (almost) real-time monitoring intitiatives can help shed light on how households are struggling to cope with a crisis event or the implications of a policy or adjustment process.
In general 'rapid surveys' use a short questionnarie and a reduced sample size, are relatively low cost, and are conceived to provide fast feedback to decision-makers. These approaches are in many cases not nationally representative, nor are they geared towards analyzing issues directly attributable to a crisis or policy. Nevertheless, these tools do serve as effective warning indicators of rising stress levels and the ways in which households try to cope with the compounded effects of initial difficult conditions, complex crises and adjustments.
This section features key initiatives that use rapid surveys and sentinel site monitoring: